Data were collected from 323 households through face to face interviews with the help of a structured questionnaire. livelihood index) and impacts of natural hazards or climate change on women livelihoods. the effect of livelihood diversification index on the income of farm household. Ethiopia is one of the low urbanized countries having … Introduction 2. 2018; Mohammad et al. Annexure IX: Pictorial depiction of the Pineapple Harvesting and Selling 10. Though the seven point livelihood index did not have a significant effect on either the PRCC or vulnerability models in this research, creating a dichotomous variable from the index allowed for a more robust definition of pastoralism than is typically used. This has been done in recognition of the fact that The recently adopted 2030 SDGs shows the commitment of government of countries to reducing all forms of poverty among its citizens. This study applied livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) and livelihood effect index (LEI) to assess vulnerability from climate variability and change of three agricultural and natural resources dependent commune in northwest Vietnam, a country that is expected to bear … Changing Landscapes 1993, 2000 and 2007 Soil erosion is the main concern of environment degradation in Zhongzhuang and imposes a great threat to regional environmental stability. CPHP Livelihood Analysis 1 Index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1. The rural households who transfer their farmland are more likely to migrate into urban cities in China. The livelihood assets, Livelihood vulnerability assessment approaches such as Livelihood Vulnerability Index (Hahn et al., 2009), Livelihood Effect Index (Urothody et al., 2010) and CVI (Pandey and Jha, 2012) aggregate the indicators for the respective components. affects livelihood trajectories and poverty dynamics; climate change interacts with a multitude of non-climatic factors, which makes detection and attribution challenging. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. Moreover, livelihood diversification index has been used previously as dependent variable in equation (2). The index was calculated using the data presented in Table II and Figure 2 and the livelihood strategies diversity index Equation (1) . Urbanization and agricultural land use are topical issues globally. (f) … Overall, we found evidence that having greater livelihood diversification could … Although floods bring hardship to people, they also bring benefits, such as livelihood development. The Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit Analysing and responding to the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people [First Edition] Published by Food and Agriculture Organization ... are utilized to most powerful effect when used as a “package” they can also be used independently. More use of cognitive and prosocial coping behaviors were associated with less mental health problems (standardized beta: -0.30, 95% CI: -0.34- … effect on young people and others who are entering the workforce with the youth unemployment rate 3-4 times higher than the total unemployment rate.7 x High youth (1) According to recent estimates by the World Bank, the Syrian crisis cost Lebanon US$2.6 billion between 2012 and 2014, of which US$1.1 billion came from lost revenue and US$1.5 Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) proposed by Hahn, Riederer, and Foster (2009, Global ... and social ones) under the increasing effect of climate change for appropriate solutions to reduce the vulnerability of people’s livelihoods in flooding areas. Approximately 90 percent of the population in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Burkina Faso lives in rural areas [] and have agriculture as the main livelihood strategy [].More than 44 percent live below the poverty line (US$ 1.25 a day), and in 2010 a majority of these people suffered from multidimensional poverty []. Financial capital income had a mediating effect, and livelihood strategy not only had a direct positive effect on it but also had an indirect positive effect via human capital. The Alternative livelihood projects are used by a variety of organisations as a tool for achieving conservation results. 1.7 trillion to support the vulnerable population. Cognition and Decision Making: The Effects of Stress. The aim of this study was to study the diversified income, its contribution and the effect of income of the households in Shangla district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. 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