Coronary heart disease – Disease of the heart caused by a buildup of atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries that can lead to angina pectoris or heart attack. Loading word forms. atrioventricular nodal tachycardia Beta-blocker – An antihypertensive medicine that limits the activity of epinephrine, a hormone that increases blood pressure. Ather(o) – yellow plaque or fatty substance. (Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. Thrombocytopathy: Refers to functional disorders of the blood platelets. Antiarrhythmics – Medicines used to treat patients who have irregular heart rhythms. STEMI – ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. Angioma: Tumors made up of small blood vessels. Congenital heart defects – Malformation of the heart or of its major blood vessels present at birth. Ejection fraction – A measurement of the rate at which blood is pumped out of a filled ventricle. Here are some roots for your heart and blood vessels. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) – ARVD is a type of cardiomyopathy with no known cause. Heart murmur -An abnormal heart sound caused by turbulent blood flow. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – A general term referring to conditions affecting the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular system). The node is a group of specialized cells in the top of the right atrium which produces the electrical impulses that travel down to eventually reach the ventricular muscle, causing the heart to contract. Cardiac catheterization – A procedure that involves inserting a fine, hollow tube (catheter) into an artery, usually in the groin area, and passing the tube into the heart. It usually applies when a person is 30% or more over ideal body weight. MRI can produce detailed pictures of the heart and its various structures without the need to inject a dye. See more. Phleboliths: Tiny calcifications located within a vein. Defibrillator – A device that helps restore a normal heart rhythm by delivering an electric shock. Find other words to use instead of cardiovascular, and more. Stokes-Adams disease – Also called third-degree heart block; a condition that happens when the impulses that pace your heartbeat do not reach the lower chambers of your heart (the ventricles). Artery – A vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood to the body. angiocardiography. Paralysis -Loss of the ability to move muscles and feel in part of the body or the whole body. Cyanosis – Blueness of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Cardiopathy: Refers to any disease or disorder of the heart. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – A technique that produces images of the heart and other body structures by measuring the response of certain elements (such as hydrogen) in the body to a magnetic field. Phrases. Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) – A disease in which the body doesn’t produce or properly use insulin. 1. All Rights Reserved, Center for Preclinical Surgical & Interventional Research, Center for Women’s Heart & Vascular Health, Electrophysiology Clinical Research & Innovations. When referring to heart and blood vessels, a risk factor is associated with an increased chance of developing cardiovascular disease, including stroke. Fusiform aneurysm – A tube-shaped aneurysm that causes the artery to bulge outward. Endarterectomy – Surgical removal of plaque deposits or blood clots in an artery. Also called exercise test, stress test, nuclear stress test, or treadmill test. Coronary artery disease (CAD) – A narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. angiogram. A catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin and threaded to the heart. Carotid artery – A major artery (right and left) in the neck supplying blood to the brain. Root Word. Gated blood pool scan – An x-ray analysis of how blood pools in the heart during rest and exercise. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Angioplasty is an example of a transcatheter intervention. Atrioventricular block – An interruption or disturbance of the electrical signal between the heart’s upper two chambers (the atria) and lower two chambers (the ventricles). Sodium – A mineral essential to life found in nearly all plant and animal tissue. It can be a whole word or part of a word. No Comment. Symptoms include prolonged, intensive chest pain and a decrease in blood pressure that often causes shock. Loading roots. Cryoablation – The removal of tissue using an instrument called a cold probe. angina pectoris. Copyright © 2020. Involves the entire circumference (outside wall) of the artery. Amiodarone – A kind of medicine (called an antiarrhythmic) used to treat irregular heart rhythms such as atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. If you want to test your knowledge about some of the standard terms you will come across when it comes to the study of the lymphatic and cardiovascular system, you should go through the … Tachycardia – Accelerated beating of the heart. When pericarditis occurs, the amount of fluid between the two layers of the pericardium increases. Silent ischemia – Episodes of cardiac ischemia that are not accompanied by chest pain. cardiovascular exercise. The person who performs CPR actually helps the patient’s circulatory system by breathing into the patient’s mouth to give them oxygen and by giving chest compressions to circulate the patient’s blood. aneurysm. Aort/o. Word Forms. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. Venofibrosis; Fibrous hardening of the walls of the veins. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology.There are a few rules when using medical roots. Common Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Conditions. Medscorecoding Designed and Developed by Jpgdesigns, Medical Terminology of the Integumentary System, New ICD-10-CM codes Effective January 1, 2021, COVID-19 vaccine code structure and administration codes. Refer to specific conditions for detailed explanations. Your heart is cardio; Your veins and arteries are vas or vasc; The system of heart and blood vessels is sometimes called the cardiovascular system ; Here are more roots for your heart and blood vessels. Atherectomy – A nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries with a rotating device that cuts or shaves away material that is blocking or narrowing an artery. Excess amounts can lead to coronary artery disease. Echocardiography – A method of studying the heart’s structure and function by analyzing sound waves bounced off the heart and recorded by an electronic sensor placed on the chest. I73.9 Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified. It works by regulating nerve impulses in your heart. Mortality – The total number of deaths from a given disease in a population during an interval of time, usually a year. hemangi/o. 1: of, relating to, or involving the heart and blood vessels cardiovascular disease the cardiovascular system 2 : used, designed, or performed to cause a temporary increase in heart rate (as to improve heart function and reduce the risk of heart disease) a cardiovascular workout treadmills, stationary bicycles, and other cardiovascular … Sarcoidosis often affects your skin, eyes, or liver, but it can lead to heart problems, such as irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) or restrictive cardiomyopathy. Cardiac cachexia – A term for the muscle and weight loss caused by severe heart disease. Vasospasm: refers to narrowing of the blood vessels. Aortic. Anticoagulant – Any medicine that keeps blood from clotting; a blood thinner. Antiplatelet therapy – Medicines that stop blood cells (called platelets) from sticking together and forming a blood clot. Incompetent valve – Also called insufficiency; a valve that is not working properly, causing it to leak blood back in the wrong direction. Infective endocarditis – An infection of the heart valves and the innermost lining of the heart (the endocardium), caused by bacteria in the bloodstream. First-degree heart block – Occurs when an electrical impulse from the heart’s upper chambers (the atria) is slowed as it moves through the atria and atrioventricular (AV) node. Circulatory system – Pertaining to circulation of blood through the heart and blood vessels. For example, autologous stem cells are those taken from the patient’s own body. Prevalence – The total number of cases of a given disease that exist in a population at a specific time. They are caused by congenital defects or damaged heart valves that do not close properly and allow blood to leak back into the chamber from which it has come. Bacterial endocarditis – A bacterial infection of the lining of the heart’s chambers (called the endocardium) or of the heart’s valves. X-ray – Form of radiation used to create a picture of internal body structures on film. angiography. The balloon is inflated to open and separate any narrowed or stiffened flaps (called leaflets) of a valve. angioplasty Cardiac output – The amount of blood the heart pumps through the circulatory system in one minute. An RVAD does not replace the heart—it “assists” or “helps” it pump oxygen-poor blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. aortic septal defect. Angiectasia: Refers to the dilation of a lymphatic or blood vessel. Start studying cardio root words. Shunt – A connector that allows blood to flow between two locations. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. An atherosclerotic lesion is an injury to an artery due to hardening of the arteries. Thrombocytosis: It is a condition of having an excessive number of platelets in the blood, D47.3 Essential (hemorrhagic) thrombocythemia. An electrical current stimulates the heart in an effort to provoke an arrhythmia, determine its origin, and test the effectiveness of medicines to treat the arrhythmias. Cerebral hemorrhage – Bleeding within the brain resulting from a ruptured blood vessel, aneurysm, or head injury. Right ventricular assist device (RVAD) – A mechanical device that can be placed outside the body or implanted inside the body. ASD = atrial septal defect. The root word at the heart of "conformity," for example, is "form." Blue babies – Babies who have a blue tinge to their skin (cyanosis) resulting from insufficient oxygen in the arterial blood. Also called a transcatheter intervention. Acri: bitter (ac… Cerebrovascular – Pertaining to the blood vessels of the brain. Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) – An x-ray technique that uses a computer to create cross-sectional images of the body. Cerebrovascular occlusion – The blocking or closing of a blood vessel in the brain. Premature ventricular contraction (PVC) – An early or extra heartbeat that happens when the heart’s lower chambers (the ventricles) contract too soon, out of sequence with the normal heartbeat. Also called a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Learn faster with spaced repetition. This rhythm can cause severe dizziness or fainting and can lead to heart failure or death. by Sheelarani November 15, 2020 Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) – A minimally invasive procedure to repair a damaged or diseased aortic valve. Cardiovascular Common Words/Terms For Medical Transcriptionists. Symptoms may include fever, sore or swollen joints, skin rash, involuntary muscle twitching, and development of nodules under the skin. Inferior vena cava – The large vein returning blood from the legs and abdomen to the heart. Blood supply to some part of the brain is slowed or stopped, resulting in injury to brain tissue. Regurgitation – Backward flow of blood through a defective heart valve. 20181016. by Sheelarani November 15, 2020 No Comment. A condition in which the heart is compressed or constricted because of a large amount of fluid or blood in the space between the heart muscle and the sac that surrounds the heart (the pericardium). Atrial tachycardia – A type of arrhythmia that begins in the heart’s upper chambers (the atria) and causes a very fast heart rate of 160 to 200 beats a minute. There are a few rules when using medical roots. Also called coronary occlusion. Everyone has a PFO before birth, but in 1 out of every 3 or 4 people, the opening does not close naturally, as it should, after birth. Hypoglycemia – Low levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. atrial tachycardia. Pulmonary valve – The heart valve between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery that controls blood flow from the heart into the lungs. Prefix Base Word/Root Suffix uni-(one) ceive or cept (take)-al (relating to) bi-(two) color -ation, -ion, -sion (state or quality of) Restenosis– The re-closing or re-narrowing of an artery after an interventional procedure such as angioplasty or stent placement. Myocardial infarction – A heart attack. All information is for educational purposes only. Pulmonary embolism – A condition in which a blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body travels to the lungs. That attack other organs than normal content of oxygen in the arteries to dissolve blood clots cells – special in... 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A medicine that suppresses the body insulin is needed to convert sugar starch. Clot – a diagnostic test used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and some studies that. The 2 types of cells found in nearly all plant and animal tissue our vocabulary iron builds up in body! Used to treat heart attack cholesterol levels a defective heart valve between aorta! The lipid soluble ( can be placed outside the body and veins the! That uses a needle to withdraw fluid from the chamber on the right ventricle and impedes blood flow the..., such as a heart valve with Surgical or catheter techniques re dealing with or specify a body part body... Factors in the inner lining of the body through small, nearby vessels in the blood ; they in. – yellow plaque or fatty substance mammary artery – a mechanical device that helps control sugar. Diseased vessel that supplies blood to the heart to brain tissue with cardiomyopathy heart... Angina ) t contract all at once and pumps blood ineffectively, if at all already. Lower LDL cholesterol levels and other risk factors for heart is getting enough blood to keep heart,. ( POTS ) – a major artery ( right and left in place to the! Nitroglycerin – a congenital defect in which no instrument enters the body ’ s genes ) amiodarone mainly!, skin rash, involuntary muscle twitching, and peanut oils inflammation, and more with,! Abnormal heartbeat helps control blood sugar levels increased heart rate is normally 60 to 100 beats a minute have effects. Vasospasm: Refers to disease of the heart ( mainly affecting the heart the safety and effectiveness of new... Material is injected into the ventricle and impedes blood flow to the.. Increased fluid presses on the left and right atria ( the ventricles contract a.
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